Deve's Technical Network
Advance Design Chevy Trucks
(1947-1955 1st Series w/ some TF)

-----< Comments? Criticisms? Help Desk: deve@speedprint.com Open 24/7/365! >
How-To Install HEI in your Stock 1940-1962 216/235/261 Distributor
Written by Deve

Note: This document is provided with each kit but the online version will give you larger pictures and better link information. This HEI Kit installs in your stock distributor with no modifications to your vintage distributor. It's a breakthrough that allows us to have the same precise ignition system as the more modern vehicles while maintaining the vintage look!

HEI Kit Installation, The Movie

The Youtube video is provided for those of you who do better watching someone else. As usual with my video's, the Kit is the star of the show. My Youtube channel has an ever-growing number of videos, so check back from time to time. The HEI Installation one is here:

216/235/261 HEI Installation Video

How much am I paying and why do I need it you ask?

The cost of the kit is $176.50 plus $13.45 Postal Priority Shipping. Also see "Distributor Modification Services Available" below. I am doing this to provide kits for my friends. If you are not 100% satisfied with your system, I will return every cent as long as you return the kit in perfect shape (internal packaging, boxes, etc). Send Certified Check, Money Order or Cash to: Deve Krehbiel * PO Box 676 * Hesston, KS 67062. Or use the PayPal Button below. Be sure I get a return address! As important as getting paid is for you to specify your Distributors model number. Please read this document before sending any money. I will also work with you on obtaining specific components of this kit. The idea is for you to be happy! Email deve@speedprint.com for any questions you may have.




HEI Kit Options





**Additional International Shipping Rates Apply**



Once you have gone to electronic ignition you won't have to ask why you need it. What is even better about this kit than Pertronix for example is, it is a real GM HEI system. Pertronix is an alternative to points, while the GM HEI controls not only the points trigger, but also controls the dwell and timing based on RPM. It has its own current control limiter that keeps the current below 6 amps while providing for a much hotter and much more precise spark. This is GM's early version of the modern Electronic Control Module. While points systems have withstood the test of time, they have to be adjusted or replaced every 5000 miles or so while HEI is maintenance free. Especially now, 50+ years later, the vintage distributors are getting worn causing points to fire erratically and dwell to be less stable. This modification takes the responsibility of timing and dwell and moves it over to the GM HEI module.

Things that are NOT included in the Kit:

The reason we do not include everything is because of the fluctuating vendor pricing and they are not 100% necessary to get your new HEI Ignition System running. We highly recommend purchasing these items however. It will ensure perfectly smooth ignition performance. In the case of the plug wires, it is just safer to use approved wires. This kit only works with 12 volt systems. Do NOT put the high performance coil on without using approved plug wires!

  • A good set of HEI approved Spark Plug Wires such as Accel Superstock Series Points/HEI No. 4021. The last time I purchased a set the cost was $42 or so. A crimping and stripping tool made for plug wires is required. If Yellow doesn't float your boat, they make them in black for slightly cheaper HERE.
  • An HEI coil that has .6 or .7 Primary ohm value such as MSD No. 8202. This is a 45,000 volt coil and will ensure best performance. The last time I purchased one I paid $48. I like it because it is the old fashioned can-type coil.
  • 216 owners have a different wire feed-through assembly than later years. You can still seal that assembly to the distributor per the instructions below, however, you could be happier with the later assembly like Here. It would make it easier to seal the parts together. You would have a little grinding to do on the plastic to make it fit, but maybe worth the trouble.

Choosing the proper Reluctor

GM made two different types of lobe contact areas depending on the year of your Distributor. Most of us enthusiasts purchased our vehicles from previous owners and we are not 100% certain that things have not been replaced along the way. To ensure you get the proper reluctor for your distributor, remove the cap and with a flashlight look carefully at the mounting surface where the points and condenser are mounted. Write down the stock number of the distributor and tell us what it is. The number starts with 111xxxx. Also take a look at the lobes and compare them to the picture on the left. Be sure to specify this when ordering the kit! Remember, we can only upgrade a tall cap distributor. If you need a tall cap model, email deve@speedprint.com. We will get you one.



Things that ARE included in the Kit:

In your HEI Kit you should find the following items. The wires are the length required to work with the included HEI mounting plate. It is okay to add length to the wires but ensure the same gauge is used. Remember length adds resistance which isn't a good thing.

  1. Reluctor sized for the distributor you referenced. [Standard Motor Products LX105]
  2. Reluctor Pickup mounted to the Custom Internal Adapter Plate with easy thread-through wiring. [Standard Motor Products LX103]
  3. Coil connection wire assembly
  4. GM HEI Module with AC-Delco Heat Sink [Standard Motor Products LX301T and AC-Delco 10474610]
  5. Distributor grounding wire
  6. New Distributor Cap (Tall Style) modified [Standard Motor Products DR428]
  7. New Distributor Rotor for Tall Style Cap [Standard Motor Products DR308]
  8. Misc. Heat Shrink and Terminals
  9. Mounting Plate for HEI Module -- This is a very special item. It is specially drilled and tapped for the heat sink and HEI Module. It is set up for easy swapping of the HEI module should a problem ever occur. It uses the coils mounting holes on the head using your existing hardware. This is ideal because the engine's cooling fan cools the mount and heat sink keeping it cool. If you decide you do not want this plate, you can deduct $35 from the price of the kit. All of the wiring in the kit is the proper length for use with this mount, so some modification on your part may be necessary. I will work with you on wire lengths if you specify a different configuration. I will even work with you on what is included in the kit!

Tools and Incidentals Needed:

  • Needle File Set for touching up the Reluctor
  • 5/64" Allen Wrench for tightening set screws
  • Small Flat Tip Screwdriver
  • Wire Terminal Crimpers
  • Loc-Tite Medium Thread Locker
  • Heat Shrink Gun
  • Permatex Gasket Maker (preferably black)
  • Gauge for gapping the reluctor to .007




Step One: Preparing for Installation

To do this with any accuracy, we need to remove the Distributor. Please follow these instructions carefully! Especially if you have never done this before, or are not very comfortable with doing it. Since the Distributor Gear is what turns the Oil Pump, you WILL destroy your engine if you do not re-install it properly! The picture on the left shows the distributor all the way down in its proper position while the one on the right is showing what happens when you pull it out. You want to write down both orientations so you can more easily install the distributor when the modification is complete. It is best to take a picture of the entire side of the engine so you can see where your plug wires go, and then closeups of the rotor orientation before and after removal as well as pictures of the orientation of the distributor housing as it sits in the block.


  1. Remove the plug wires observing exactly where the #1 spark plug is connected to the Distributor Cap. Write down where on the Distributor Cap the #1 plug wire is located. The sequence (CW) should be 1-5-3-6-2-4.
  2. Observe exactly where the Distributor Clips and Wire conduit is pointing. You want to replace your Distributor EXACTLY where it was. Remove the Distributor Cap and put a mark on the edge of the Distributor exactly where the Rotor is pointing. Both the orientation of where the Clips are positioned within it's 360 degree radius AND where the Rotor is pointing are critical. Take pictures, make a diagram, do whatever is necessary so that you can get it exactly where it was upon re-installation. It is not important where the rotor is pointing, just that you know where it is pointing when we put it back. Do NOT turn your engine over at all during any of this. Disconnect the battery so there is no question it stays put.
  3. Disconnect the wire at the Distributor.
  4. Loosen the clamp screw at the back of the Distributor Shaft. This holds your Distributor in place. Do NOT loosen the Hex Head Bolt that holds on the Vacuum Advance. Loosen the clamp enough to be able to pull out the Distributor. There is no reason to disturb the Vac Advance for this. With a Sharpie, mark the distributor shaft as shown. This is how far you need to push it down when reinstalling to ensure you have oil pressure. As you can see, there is exactly 3/8" between the clamp and the top of the shaft. It must be pushed down to that level before restarting the engine!
  5. Pull the Distributor straight out while pushing down on the clamp so you don't bend anything. Notice how the Rotor turns about 20 degrees clockwise. This is due to the pitch of the Gear that drives the Oil Pump. Do not disturb the oil pump slot at the bottom of the distributor hole. When reinstalling, if you point the rotor to where it is when you fully pulled it out, it will drop back in without any issues. Note where that rotor is pointing when it's out to make life easier later.
  6. Now we can work on the workbench rather than leaning over the fender!




Remove the Points, Condenser and Rotor. In doing so, you will also want to remove the long screw that goes from inside the distributor to outside the distributor. This is the contact system for the wire that goes to the negative side of the coil. The two plastic pieces that the screw runs through will be your conduit for the new system. This helps to make everything look stock. You will want to seal those two pieces together (and to the distributor housing) so they cannot come apart. This will have no effect on operation of any system, but will ensure a nice wire conduit. The wires are sized to go through this conduit. Save the screw and all associated hardware. To get to that rounded nut with slots on each side of the screw, I just squirt it with WD40 and use a very small screwdriver on one of the slots. So far, it has worked every time. Clean the two pieces thoroughly to remove the WD40 or any other residue then put a good coat of Permatex Gasket Maker on the two pieces and put them back on the distributor housing exactly as they came out. The outside piece is concave to form to the round of the distributor housing and the inside piece is oriented so that the screw slot goes down. Clamp them in place. You can use the screw that went all the way through only backwards to accomplish this. Come back the next day to install your new system. Do not get any sealer in the through-hole. If you do, use a paper clip or something to clean it out to the same size it was before. Use the long screw as a clamp while the Permatex sets. Put the nut on the inside and the head on the outside.

Step Two: Install the Ground Wire

If you want to keep working while the sealer is setting up, install the Distributor to HEI Module ground wire. The perfect place for this even if it is hard to get to, is the small screw at the back of the distributor that holds the points and condenser plate in place. There are three screws that do this, but two of them are used for the cap clips. Install the small terminal end of the Black ground wire that comes in your kit to the Distributor connection, and the large terminal end to the longer mounting screw on the HEI Module. This grounding wire is insurance that we have a good ground throughout the system.




Step Three: Installing the Reluctor Pickup Assembly

Install the Reluctor Pickup with Adapter Plate The reluctor pickup assembly only goes in one way. The idea is to drop it down over the points tower and cam screw while having the points mounting screw visible. You WILL have to adjust the cam screw to go into the adapter plates hole. Just turn the screw until everything aligns. Once it is in place, turn it so that the mounting screw and everything else is in the middle of the elongated holes. If your cam screw is not in the middle when everything else is, turn the cam screw a little less than 180 degrees and everything should be in the middle. Using your existing points and condenser hold-down screws, tighten it down securely. Use the smaller headed screw on the old points hold-down and the larger head on the old condenser hold-down. Thread the wires through the wire conduit hole until it stops due to the thicker heat shrink not allowing it to go further. This enables a nice tight fit inside. Knead the wires in place inside the distributor to the outside edge so they do not interfere with operation. Your new adapter plate is made out of 11 gauge stainless steel and will last a lifetime.

Thread the two wires through the wire conduit (it's tight but very do-able), then thread the long heat shrink that is included so that it is tight up against the wire conduit. With a heat gun, shrink this long tube so that it keeps the wires tight both inside and out. Pull on the wires at the end while pushing on the tubing to ensure a very tight fit. Heat guns are about $15 and very useful. To differentiate the two wires, I have included a piece of red tubing and two black ones. Place one black one over the entire wire assembly and slide it down and out of the way. Put the red one on the yellow wire, then crimp the terminal on. The wire has been tinned so that you have a stronger crimp. Shrink the red one so that it's even with the end of the spade terminal. Do the same with the black wire with black shrink tubing. Lastly, slide the other black one up to meet the connectors just to seal things off. Watch the video to make things clearer.


Step Four: Installing the Reluctor

Install the Reluctor Slide the Reluctor over the lobes in the center with the concave part facing up. Slide it down to where it makes contact with the adapter mounting plate, then lift it up about 1/16th of an inch just so that it doesn't rub on the mounting surface. If it's a bit too loose, lift it out and try it on another side of the lobes until it is as tight as it gets before the set screws. There should be no contact with moving parts at this point. Tighten the two set screws securely. Use medium Loc-Tite just for peace of mind. The Reluctor is one of the integral parts of the mod. Because the 6 lobes are exactly the same distance apart from each other, there will never be a situation where wear will cause inaccuracies. This Reluctor is especially useful for our purposes because the rotor will drop right down where it belongs without interference. Also worth noting, this system does not put a small spark to a breaker points system, rather a magnet and a magnetic field causes a very clean trigger each time the Reluctor passes the Reluctor Pickup. No voltage is required because it makes its own!


Step Five: Adjust the Reluctor-to-Pickup Gap

Adjust the Gap To do this, you will need to turn the Distributor shaft so that the lobes on the reluctor PERFECTLY coincide with the pickup on the adapter plate. Loosen the Reluctor Pickup screw with the elongated hole and slowly and carefully move the Reluctor so that it is gapped to .007. This is a VERY tight gap and will require some patience. Check all 6 lobes by turning the Distributor shaft through all 360 degrees. .006 to .009 is okay. This has to do with a common problem with the design of the Distributor. The shaft and shaft housing wears just a little causing this gap problem. Do not sweat it, the system is very forgiving. If you need to loosen the set screws on the Reluctor to center it better, do so. Take the time to get the best gap possible. Turn the Distributor shaft and check for any moving parts rubbing or grinding. There should be NO sounds or evidence of this! Spin the shaft as fast as you can and listen to make sure everything is smooth.


Step Six: Install the New Rotor and Test Fit the New Cap

Install the new Rotor and Cap If everything above went as planned, you have plenty of room to drop the rotor in the same way you did before. Place the cap over the assembly making sure the rotor is fully seated and the cap is oriented so that the caps key is in the proper place. If everything went as planned, the cap will seat down nicely and clip in place. The cap has been slightly modified to clear the new Reluctor Pickup. Grinding these features will have no affect on operation of either stock or HEI systems. With the Cap installed, check one last time to make sure no moving parts are coming into contact with each other. Listen carefully. You should hear if anything is not right. Remove the Cap but make sure the Rotor is seated all the way down where it belongs. Set the Distributor Assembly to the side for now.


Step Seven: Mount the Coil and HEI Mounting Plate

With your Distributor completely squared away, it's time to decide where you want to place the brains of the system, the GM HEI Module and Heat Sink. It could mount to the inner fender or firewall, however, the included solution is better for a few reasons. It places the module and heat sink in the engine's cooling fan air stream, it is very close to the Coil and Distributor thus keeping the wires short for less resistance, and it uses normally unused space. If you get creative, you might use the cover of an old Delco-Remy Regulator and open it up by adding screens to the front and bottom and maybe even put an Ignition Kill Switch on it..

This new mounting plate comes unpainted and you need to paint it yourself. This is to eliminate the argument of what color, what primer, etc, etc. A good engine paint will last and you want to tape off the heat sink before painting. DO NOT remove the heat sink. It needs bare metal below it for good heat dissipation and grounding. The kit comes with the heat sink and module assembled. It has a quick change feature so you can remove and replace the Module from the front without removing the plate. Mask around the heat sink without removing it since there is heat sink compound involved and we want a good heat transfer as well as grounding.

Connect the wiring per the diagram, connect the two wires from the coil to the HEI module and the two wires from the distributor to the HEI Module. The coil wires are Red and Black. Red on the plus side of the coil, Black on the negative side of the coil. Red to the Letter B marked in the HEI module and Black to Letter C marked on the HEI Module. The Yellow wire from the Distributor to Letter W on the HEI module, the Black wire on the Distributor to Letter G in the HEI module.

Your existing red coil wire also goes to the plus side of the coil as usual. This is your ignition wire. You want to bypass your ballast resistor. The new system favors lower ohm values. A small 10 gauge jumper wire across the two resistor terminals will work nicely. This is not included in the kit. Be sure to go over your wiring from the battery, to the ignition switch and from the switch to the coil to ensure you have good properly gauged wires for this purpose. If you are re-wiring these sections for this, err on the side of caution and use 12 gauge wiring. Since the ballast resistor is not required for HEI, it can be removed, or jumpered. You can connect the two wires (connected to the ballast resistor) together. If you want this reversible so you can go back to points, keep this in mind.


Step Eight: Install the Distributor


Install The Distributor Remember that diagram you made to ensure you knew the exact direction the rotor is pointed and the exact direction the clips and wire conduit are pointing? Now is when we use them. Point the rotor to the place it was turned when you removed it, with the body of the Distributor oriented as it was and insert the Distributor in the hole. Push it down and as you push it, the rotor should turn to the exact same place it was pointing when you first removed the cap. YOU ARE NOT DONE YET! To the right is the typical orientation of the Distributor, however yours may vary.


This is the dangerous part and you WILL ruin your engine if this is not done right. Make sure it 'clicks' into place and seats all the way down inside the oil pump. Look carefully at what is left of the shaft that didn't go down the hole... the area between the top of the Vac Advance Clamp and the top of the shaft. If there is roughly 1/2" it is NOT down all the way. If you see 3/8" or less it could be all the way down. Once you are sure it is ALL the way down, tighten the clamp securely with the clips and conduit pointing in the proper direction. You can lift and push down, lift and push down, etc. a few times and it should click into place. If you have never done this before it can be daunting, but be patient and it will all come together. If you give up and decide it's not going down all the way due to the oil pump slot being turned slightly wrong, as a last resort, turn it a little with a long screwdriver and try again until it seats properly. Connect the two wires coming out of the Distributor per the schematic. If you get it down to the mark you made previously, you are good to go, but check oil pressure on startup anyway!



Step Nine: Testing Your New HEI System

Timing the Engine Since the rotors position never changed, you are in the ballpark already. If the engine does not start right up the first time, loosen the screw at the back of the distributor mount and turn it one way a few degrees, if that doesn't do it, turn it the other way a few degrees. Follow standard ignition timing procedures with your timing light to get things where you want them. Follow common troubleshooting procedures if there is a problem. If you followed the above instructions on gapping, placement and wiring it should easily start right up the first time. Timing should not be any different than your stock system, just more precise. By installing this kit, you WILL have changed your timing slightly, so expect to have to make some adjustments. This is a great time to check your valve adjustment, Ignition Timing (turning the distributor to meet the BB on the flywheel or where-ever it runs best for you), and your idle mixture screw for optimum performance. Things you will never have to do again, is concern yourself over dwell and points gap adjustments. The computer knows what the engine needs. The last thing you need to do is take it for a test drive and make your timing adjustments accordingly, then, when you have it all timed, email deve@speedprint.com and let me know how you feel about the instructions given, the kit, and your feeling on how your vehicle runs after. Very important I get feedback!


Distributor Modification Service IS Available!

If you want the ignition system installed and tested, we can do that for you! This includes testing the distributor in our test engine to ensure it works exactly as it's supposed to. It also comes with a printout of the Oscilloscope triggers from the distributor during testing. There are two levels of services available:

  1. HEI Modification Only - We do all of the above installation steps and check out the distributor for operation as described.
  2. HEI Modification with complete Distributor Overhaul - We take the distributor completely apart and clean and lubricate the inside mechanisms, replace the wear bushing inside the Grease Cup, add a double roll pin for added gear to shaft strength, primer and paint the body and do the HEI upgrade as above.
The services not including the kit is $75 for the HEI Mod (#1 above) and $150 for the complete rebuild (#2 above). Simply send us your distributor with instructions on which level of service you require. Send to: Deve Krehbiel * 320 N Main St. * PO Box 676 * Hesston, KS 67062. Return Shipping is included for US orders. I anticipate about 2-3 week turnarounds.


Troubleshooting

This is a simple setup that doesn't require adjustments or maintenance to the actual parts. They either work or they don't. There are two items in the system that could go bad over time. Since there are two, let's take one of them out of the equation. They are the GM HEI Module that is mounted to the external mounting plate, and the internal (to the Distributor) Reluctor Pickup. They are the only two things that can possibly go bad. So, to take the Internal Distributor Reluctor Pickup out of the game, with a Digital Multimeter set to LOW Ohms, measure across the two leads that are connected to the GM HEI Module. Disconnect them first. Your reading for a good Reluctor Pickup should be between .200 and .400 ohms. If you have that, and your system has been running great until then, it is the GM HEI Module. This is a VERY reliable system.


Want to do this yourself?

If you wish to save money and do a complete Distributor rebuild yourself, check out the article here: The Distributor Start to Finish
If you wish to make all of this HEI modification yourself, check out the article here: HEI For Your 1940-1962 Chevy 6 Cylinder
We are not in this for the money, we just want you to be satisfied with the end result!

Check out our other Kits for your 216/235/261 Engine!

We are developing more fun stuff for your engine. The Kits that are available now are Regular and Deluxe PCV Upgrade Kits, Spin-on Oil Filter Adapter Kits, and of course our popular HEI conversion kit. Check out all of our offerings at Farm-it-Out!

Extra Picture Gallery

Maybe some of these will help with your installation...